Infertility is a global issue. Between 48 million couples and 186 million individuals suffer from this condition, according to an article by WHO. Female infertility occurs when you are unable to conceive after a year of unprotected sex. The other main symptoms include abnormal, irregular or no periods. A combination of several risk factors prevents pregnancy. So, it is important to understand the causes first.

This can help manage the situation better. You can learn about anything that you and your partner are doing that is reducing the chances of pregnancy. It also determines the appropriate treatment plan. Below are the detailed medical causes behind infertility.

Ø  Damaged Fallopian Tubes

Swelling in the tubes is the main cause of concern. It usually is a side effect of pelvic inflammatory disease. This is caused by adhesions and infections. Complications in the uterus like blockage, chlamydia or gonorrhoea can damage the fallopian tubes too. Studies have found that tubal infertility might also occur due to pelvic tuberculosis. All of these combined can reduce your chances of achieving and holding pregnancy to term.

Ø  Ovulation Failure

Substance abuse, hormonal imbalances, eating disorder, a thyroid condition and severe stress are the main causes of failed ovulation. Excess prolactin production, premature egg loss and hypothalamic dysfunction can also impact infertility. PCOS or polycystic ovary syndrome is another major factor that influences the female reproductive system. The good news is that an ICSI in Bangalore and other top cities at the best fertility clinic can help overcome the issue.

Ø  Endometriosis

Endometrial tissues can grow outside the uterus in other locations. This can affect the functions of the fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus. Endometriosis can also scar and block the fallopian tubes. This can prevent the gametes from uniting. Further, the condition might affect the uterus lining and impair the implantation of the embryo. It is recommended to see the doctor if you notice painful bowel movements and severe cramps during periods.

Ø  Uterine Complications  

This can occur in the form of tumours or benign polyps. It can interfere with implantation or block the tubes. Uterine problems like an abnormally shaped uterus can increase the likelihood of a miscarriage. The cervix might also not be able to produce good quality. This can prevent the sperm from travelling to the uterus to promote pregnancy. Non-cancerous uterine fibroids can also contribute to infertility. IVF or ICSI in Bangalore’s top clinic can help to achieve pregnancy despite the issues.

Ø  Sickle Cell Anaemia

This disease comes with unique side effects. The top ones include oxidative stress, chronic inflammation, transfusion-related hemochromatosis and ovarian sickling. You can also experience blood clots and life-threatening infections. These can severely influence the function of the reproductive system. However, advanced treatments at India’s top fertility centre can help you have a healthy pregnancy.

These are the most common risk factors of female infertility. However, all of them are manageable with proper care. Be mindful of the symptoms and consult the gynaecologist immediately. The right medications and approach can boost the chances of pregnancy.