Taking a long time to identify domestic water leaks, which are often invisible and difficult to find, can cause great inconvenience. Furthermore, the impact on water consumption is enormous. Liters and more liters that could be used by families are lost amid unregulated flushing and damaged pipes.
Waste creates a problem for society as a whole, but it can also have direct repercussions on your pocket. The volume that is lost in leaks is marked by the hydrometer. Thus, it is factored into your water bill and can wreak havoc on your budget.
You can act before the problem takes on greater proportions. Instead of waiting for big bill increases to investigate if something is going wrong, how about having regular tests on your home's pipe network to prevent headaches? In this post, you will find out how to do this!
What are the risks of an unidentified leak?
The problems arising from water leakage can be a real headache for the whole family. Below we have separated some of the most common disorders.
An unregulated flush wastes 20 liters of water every time it is turned on. A leaky 2mm pipe drains 96,000 liters of water in a month and a leaky faucet loses 40 liters of water a day.
Waste of water
Water resources are one of our main livelihoods, as they are indispensable for our lives. If you've already gone a day without a water supply, you know very well the size of the inconvenience that the lack of water can bring to your daily life.
But you might think that a small crack in a plumbing pipe or a leaky shower might not be that significant. So, let's get to the water purification companies calculations. An opening of just 1 millimeter in circumference is capable of using around 1,600 liters of water per day. In the month, this means the waste of 48 thousand liters , while a year is 576 thousand liters !
Water does not reach our house for free. When we pay the water tariff to the supply company, the amount is covering all the services performed by the company, from system planning, construction and maintenance works, to the water treatment and distribution processes at our residence. All this has costs. Letting this resource go down the drain causes great harm to everyone, especially to the environment .
Based on the basic calculation that 2 millimeters of crack in the pipe generates a waste of 3,200 liters , we would reach a volume of 1,152,000 liters per year! If we convert these liters of water into money, we can say that a 2mm hole in a pipe could cause considerable damage throughout the year, in the hundreds or even thousands of reais.
Deterioration of the construction of the house
Water from unidentified leaks normally travels through walls, ruining paintwork, causing mold and generating moisture that can even compromise the property's structures. In some cases, it is possible that even slabs and roofs will give way. So the stakes are really huge.
How to identify water leaks?
1. Make an assessment at your home
Write a general review!
Some points in the house help to report the occurrence of a water leak more easily. Thus, evaluate the functioning of showers, faucets and toilets and call a technician when you identify malfunctions or signs of moisture on the walls near the equipment. What you should check:
2. Dripping faucet or shower
This type of leak is often easy to identify and is often simple to repair. If the faucet is common, the problem is usually resolved by changing the seal. But if that is not the case, it will be necessary to exchange the entire repair. When in doubt, see an expert.
3. Check if the water bill has increased
Even when you can't see the leak, it's clear on the water bill. If there is no change in the family's consumption profile and even so you notice the more expensive bills, it's a sign that you need to start looking for leaks.
4. Check your hydrometer
check the hydrometer
To identify water leaks in the house, a tip is to close taps, showers and not use toilets or washing machine. Afterwards, check the hydrometer measurement. If it's spinning even though you don't use any water, it might leak somewhere.
5. Keep an eye on the water tank
Watch the water tank
Sometimes the source of the leak can be in the water tank . Test and contact a repair technician if the problem is confirmed. Check out:
close the reservoir output valve;
close the float tap completely;
mark the water level in the reservoir;
wait an hour and check the water level. If the level has dropped from the mark, there is a leak.
6. Also test the toilets
Take a test to identify water leaks in toilets
For this, it is necessary to follow the following step by step:
dry the toilet dishes;
with a piece of thread, paint or toilet paper, make a line in the dry area of the vase, just above the water;
wait 30 minutes;
if the ink is covered, or the thread or toilet paper is wet, it leaks.
Attention: to perform this test, wear rubber gloves.
7. Check the pool
Pool leaks can also be big bad guys. To find out if there is water loss, tape the current water level. After 24 hours, under normal conditions, the pool should not lose more than half a millimeter of water.
It is also possible to test the bucket. On one of the steps of the pool, place a bucket with a rock to secure it. Put water on the same level as the water and mark the levels of the bucket and the pool. After 24 hours the pool cannot be below bucket level.
8. Look for signs of infiltration and moisture
Track water leaks in the home's plumbing network
Leakage and moisture in walls and floors help to report leaks in the pipes that distribute water in your home. Take the test below to confirm the suspicion:
close all faucets and do not use the restrooms;
lock the water tank float and check the water level;
wait two hours and check the water level;
if the level has dropped from the mark, there is leakage.
9. Check all water inlets, even external ones
Identify water leaks in facilities supplied directly by the utility
Some faucets and hoses in the residence can be supplied without the intermediation of the water tank, receiving volume directly from the external network. In these cases, look for the utility that provides water services in your city to receive guidance. Do the test:
fill a glass of water;
close the registry;
open a faucet and wait until the water stops running;
place the glass full of water in the mouth of the faucet;
if the faucet sucks water, there is a leak.
10. Use a leak locating device
One of the devices that make this service is the geophone. It works with ultrasound and is able to identify sounds that are emitted through water pressure in leaky pipes. For this test and with other specific equipment to identify water leaks around the house, it is necessary to hire a specialized professional.
What to do after confirming a leak?
The tip is not to delay looking for a specialized professional who can carry out the repair. The agility in solving the problem makes a lot of difference. As we have seen, a 2mm leak in a pipe in your house can waste 96,000 liters of water in a month. Better not leave it for later, right?
After repair, read the hydrometer at the same time for three days to make sure the problem is resolved.
And if the leak is in the street, how to proceed?
When the leak occurs outside the home, the responsibility for the repair falls to the concessionaire that operates the supply network.
Whenever you identify any such occurrence, you must notify the company that provides the water service so that it can arrange the repair.
Here, we've put together some simple and quick test suggestions that you can do yourself to identify water leaks in your home and stop wasting once and for all.